Monday, 25 May 2020

Top 10 Science Degrees - The Best Science Major

Top 10 Science Degrees

This article is going to be about the top science degrees out there because there is a lot of misinformation. And specifically, I am going to go over a lot of the most popular ones. A lot of people think you can just get any science degree and you will be set for life. But the truth is, there are a lot of science degrees out there that are not that good and then there are some that are decent and then there are some that are really good. 

Just as a reminder, these articles are just my opinion based on my own life experience as well as the ton of research that I always do for this article. So always make sure to do your own research, do not just believe a stranger on the Internet.



10. Agriculture

Agriculture

  • Early Career Pay: $45,000
  • Mid-Career Pay: $77,400
  • High Meaning: 60%

This one comes in with about 30,929 degrees awarded every single year. When most people think of agriculture they probably think of farmers and why would you need a degree to become a farmer. Well, there is a lot of other career paths for people that go into agriculture. A few examples would be lab work, government work, and product research and development.

When it comes to paying agriculture is decent, coming in at a starting pay of $45,000 a year for graduates and $77,400 after 10 years. It also has an above-average meaning score coming in at about 60%. There are many careers that this degree could lead to but one would be agriculture and food scientist 



This career pays decently well at $64,000 a year and has 35,600 jobs and will grow at 7% over the next 10 years. Overall these stats are decent but not great and that is why this one comes in at number ten on the list.


9. Forestry

Forestry

  • Early Career Pay: $44,200
  • Mid-Career Pay: $76,000
  • High Meaning: 63%

This one is basically tied with agriculture but I had to bring one of them higher than the other. Forestry is all about managing to conserve and repairing forests. The early career pay is slightly lower than the one we talked about earlier but, the mid-career pay is a little bit higher. The meaning does seem to be around the same at about 63%. One career you could do with forestry is a conservation scientist which gets paid around $61,000 a year there are about 32,000 jobs available and the growth rate is around 3% which is not that great
Overall this is another one that has decent stats but nothing amazing. And these are both niche selections, so there is a good chance that you will have to move somewhere in order to be able to establish your career. These two could be good for you if you really have a passion for it you should definitely go for it, but if you do not have a strong passion for it I would recommend that you probably give them a pass and try to go down a different road.


8. Biology

Biology

  • Early Career Pay: $43,000
  • Mid-Career Pay: $79,700
  • High Meaning: 64%

This is a very popular major with 64,611 graduates a year. The starting pay is low at $43,000 a year and it is difficult to get a job. however, once you have established yourself the mid-career pay is $79,700 a year which is not too bad.

This is one of those careers where there are not that many people that are working as a biologist, but there is a ton of people graduating with a biology degree. I always tell people to be cautious when there is not a very clear path to whatever career you are pursuing with a degree that you are getting, and many people do end up going to graduate school because the employment outlook is not that good for people that graduate with a biology degree. And this is what happened to a good friend of mine she got her degree in biology because she was planning on going to medical school, later on, she decided she did not want to be a doctor but she was still stuck with the biology degree.

Finding a job was extremely difficult so she ended up going back to graduate school and getting her doctorate. This is a relatively saturated degree overall and I think it is another one that is overrated if I am being honest. But overall it can be a good one if you are smart about it and you have a really solid plan.


7. Neuroscience

Neuroscience

  • Early Career Pay: $46,000
  • Mid-Career Pay: $87,100
  • High Meaning: 59%

Neuroscience is the study of the brain and the nervous system for people and animals. This one is not as popular as some of the other majors on the list there is only around 3,062 degrees awarded per year, however, it does rank a lot better than the previous ones on the list when it comes to your salary. You make around $46,000 on average as a new grad and then $87,100 mid-career pay. The meaning is a little bit lower on this one at around 59% although that is still higher than the average for all professions.

This is another one that has the same problem where very few people who graduate with a neuroscience degree end up becoming a neuroscientist, and many of them also end up having to go back to school to get their masters or their doctorate or they end up working in a completely unrelated field. But overall it is another degree that is decent but not amazing and it is a little bit better than the other two options 


6. Food Science

Food Science

  • Early Career Pay: $49,300
  • Mid-Career Pay: $91,600
  • High Meaning: 43%

This one really surprised me and food science is basically what it sounds like it is the study of everything that has to do with food. There is only about 1,141 degrees awarded per year for this one so it is not as popular as a lot of the other ones, but the starting pay is around $49,300 a year and the mid-career pay is an impressive $91,600, however, the meaning score is low at about 43% and that is one of the lowest scores on the entire list because science degrees tend to have a higher meaning than most other types of degrees. One career you could get into is becoming an agricultural and food scientist.
The pay is $64,020 a year and there are 35,000 jobs with a 7% growth rate which is decent. This one is a niche, and what I mean by that is you will likely have to move somewhere in order to get a job. But overall this is actually a really decent choice and if you are obsessed with food it might be attractive to you


5. Chemistry Degree

Chemistry Degree

  • Early Career Pay: $48,400
  • Mid-Career Pay: $92,500
  • High Meaning: 55%

This is another one that is popular. There are about 12,941 graduates a year and this one is better than biology when it comes to the stats. You start off at about $48,400 a year and it gets up to $92,500 a year when you get to the mid-career pay. The meaning score is a bit above average at 55% but nothing special. One career path you could go down and become is a chemist and material scientist 
It pays around $78,330 a year which is good for a science-related profession that does not require you to get a doctorate. There are 95,800 jobs available and a 4% growth rate. Overall this one is clearly a lot better than biology when it comes to stats and it is another one that you really only want to do it if you are truly passionate about it because the money is not that amazing and your job prospects are kind of average.


4. Geology

GeologyGeology

  • Early Career Pay: $47,700
  • Mid-Career Pay: $89,000
  • High Meaning: 53%

It is going to be the study of the Earth's physical structure as well as the processes that act on it such as rocks and minerals. there are about 4,334 geology degrees awarded every single year. The stats for geology are pretty good, you start off at about $47,700 a year and mid-career you will be making around $89,000, the meaning score is about 53% which is slightly above average. A lot of geologists actually end up going into the natural gas industry which tends to pay really well, one example of a job they could transition into is a geoscientist which pays $91,130 a year and has decent job growth
This is one of the better ones but you will likely have to move somewhere in order to get a really good job.


3. Biochemistry

Biochemistry

  • Early Career Pay: $47,000
  • Mid-Career Pay: $93,400
  • High Meaning: 59%

Biochemistry is basically what it sounds like it is a combination of biology and chemistry and there are 6,579 graduates a year. This one also has pretty good stats especially for a science degree, they start off at around $47,000 a year and after ten years they are making around $93,400 and it has a decent meaning score at 59%. This one is definitely a better option than biology and it is a slightly better option than chemistry.

There is more you can do with the degree and more opportunities out there which makes it more versatile and flexible, and you might even be able to find a job without having to move somewhere. Biochemistry is also a really good undergraduate degree for you if you want to transition into healthcare, let's say you want to become a doctor, physician assistant, nurse practitioner, or pharmacist, something along those lines. You might be able to get a job without having to go back to graduate school as well. If you are really passionate about chemistry but the stats scare you a little bit, you might want to consider going into chemical engineering.


2. Aeronautics/Aerospace Science

Aeronautics/Aerospace Science

  • Early Career Pay: $72,500
  • Mid-Career Pay: $114,300
  • High Meaning: 64%

This is one that a lot of people overlook but aerospace has over 2,718 graduates a year and the stats are good. This is basically where you study about anything that flies through the air, we are talking jets, airplanes, rockets, satellites. It has some of the best statistics out of the entire list starting at $72,500 a year and getting to $114,300 by mid-career which is excellent. It also has a good meaning score at 64%which is well average.

This is one where you will likely have to move somewhere in order to find a job but there are some really excellent opportunities there


1. Physics

Physics

  • Early Career Pay: $60,700
  • Mid-Career Pay: $113,100
  • High Meaning: 48%

 There are over 5,265 graduates a year. The pay is really good it starts off around $60,700 a year and mid-career pay is going to be a $113,100, it does have a relatively low meaning score of 48 percent though which is below average.

This is one of the most well-respected degrees out there because it might be the hardest degree that you can get, you have to be smart and also a hard worker because you are going against the best of the best the smartest people out there, but because of how difficult it is a lot of companies like to hire physics majors even if it has nothing to do with what they learned in school. Many of them go on to become computer scientists, for instance, where companies value their unique skills, and this is a very versatile and flexible degree where you will definitely be able to get a job with just a four-year bachelor's degree.

I think the big thing about this one which is true for almost all of the science degrees is you really have to do your research because it is not extremely obvious what your future job is going to be, very few physics majors become physicists. Talk to professors and graduates about different careers out there and then just look them up and see if any of them appeal to you.





Hopefully, you find this article helpful 

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