Friday, 21 February 2020

Different Types of Colleges And Degrees

Different Types of Colleges And Degrees

Today we are going to talk about the different types of colleges and degrees that a student can earn after they finish high school. There are 5 different types of degrees a student cant earn.

  1. Certificate Of Completion
  2. Associate's Degree
  3. Bachelor's Degree
  4. Master's Degree
  5. Doctoral Degree

Each has a different amount of time that it takes to obtain them, and different careers that students can get after receiving such a degree. 

Certificate Of Completion

  • 8 weeks to a year to complete
  • Careers including floral design, food service, law enforcement, and nursing assistant
  • Usually through a technical or community college

The advantage of this type of program is you get out quickly and get into the world of work. The disadvantage is that there is a limited ceiling on the amount of money a student can earn with a certificate of completion. 

Associate's Degree

  • About 60 credit hours of study, usually is what is referred to as a 2-years degree.
  • Some examples of careers that require an associate's degree are dental assistant, accounting, graphic design, and business management.
  • Many students who complete an associate's degree program often transfer into a bachelor's degree program

Bachelor's Degree

  • Most popular of all the degree programs
  • 4-years degree
  • Typical degrees are in business, psychology, education or English, many other options out there.
  • Can take 4-years or more depending on colleges, degree or switching majors.
  • Students typically need to take an ACT to get accepted.

In other to get into a college for a bachelor's degree they will look at student's grade point average as well as their ACT scores.

Master's Degree

Students must have already obtained a bachelor's degree
Students are required to write a thesis or apply work experience in order to obtain a degree
Counseling, nursing, business, and education are degrees where you need a master's degree

Once a student receives their four-year degree and they would like to do further training, they can get a master's degree. Usually, another two years sometimes required a thesis or work experience in order to obtain this degree, some degrees out there are things like counseling, nursing and business, and education, without the master degree, the student could not obtain the career that they were looking for unless they had the master's degree.

Doctoral Degree

  • The highest degree to earn
  • 5 years for the average student to complete a doctoral degree
  • Students must write a publishable thesis, complete their own original research and complete a course of study.

Their many types of college we're just going to highlight a few different ones right now

  1. Agricultural, Technical and Specialized Colleges
  2. Community or Junior Colleges
  3. Liberal Arts Colleges
  4. Universities
  5. Public vs. Private School

2 Years Of Less

Agricultural, Technical and Specialized Colleges

  • Hennepin Tech College
  • Dunwoody College of Technology
  • Minnesota School of Beauty
  • Mcnally Smith College of Music

For the two year college like we talked about before for a certificate or associate's degree, there is agricultural technical and specialized colleges, Hennepin, Dunwoody where you're going to work on a specific career field like maybe auto body or you want to go into a specific hands-on type of fields like welding or plumbing, there are places like Minnesota school of beauty where it's a cosmetology school where you work on things like hair and makeup. 

At these schools you're not going to be taking your general education courses like English and math and social studies, you're going to specifically be looking at a career filed.

Community or Junior Colleges

  • North Hennepin Community College
  • Normandale Community College
  • Anoka-Ramsey Community College

Oftentimes students will use this as a catapult to go on a four-year college and transfer. Although students can obtain a two-year associate's degree and into the world of work after two years.

4 Years Or More

Liberal Arts Colleges

  • These offer a broad base of course in the humanities, social sciences and sciences
  • Most are private and focus mainly on undergraduate students
  • Classes tend to be small and personal
  • Examples: Saint john's university, U of M Morris, Macalester College, Saint Olaf College.


Universities are bigger than colleges and offer more majors and research facilities
Class size often reflects the size of the institution and some classes may be taught by graduate students
Example: the University of Minnesota, Twin Cities, Mankato state university
University of Minnesota, Duluth

Public vs. Private School

The advantage and disadvantage of public vs private school

Public School

  • Usually less expensive than private ones, and get most of their money from the state or local government
  • Can be less expensive
  • It can be more on-campus opportunities because they are bigger, oftentimes you'll find things like fraternities and sororities, big ten sports or activities more activities that students can participate in.

Private School

  • Can be more expensive than a public university
  • They may have more scholarship money to give than a public university
  • Can be smaller than public schools and can offer more personalized attention
  • Sometimes have a religious affiliation, but not all, although oftentimes student does not need to be the same religious affiliation as the college. 

That is it for colleges and degrees, I hope you got some value and you can do your own research if you want.

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